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2018年10月高等教育自学考试《英语(二)》试题

来源:未知 发表时间:2020-05-12 09:31 查看: 网上报名
 

 课程代码:00015

一、阅读判断题

The British Summer

Britain is well known for its rainy climate. People joke that even in the summer time the country never gets any sun and that the skies stay disappointingly grey even during the months of July and August.

Last summer though, it was so hot that people could hardly believe it. British people weren't used to such high temperatures, so every day on the news there were stories about people struggling to work in such unusual weather conditions. Radio and television programmes also reminded everyone to drink more water and not to stay too long in the sun.

When the sun comes out, British people tend to spend time in their garden if they have one. It's common to invite friends and neighbours around for a barbecue, where everyone sits outside and eats food like grilled meat (烤肉) and salads. There's always a back-up plan in case of rain though, and the meal sometimes has to be cooked in the kitchen and eaten indoors.

People also spend a lot of time in parks during the summer, having picnics or playing sports. In every green area, there's always at least one ice cream van, a kind of car that plays children's music and sells ice creams.

Towns like Blackpool and Brighton are popular for their beaches and amusement arcades (游乐场). People go there to swim, sunbathe and eat fish and chips. The water can be quite cold, though, and that's why quite a lot of people prefer to go abroad for their summer holiday instead. Popular destinations include Spain, Germany and France: all countries that promise a lot of sunshine!

 1. There is little sunshine in Britain in summer.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

 2. British people like to tell jokes about each other.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

 3. It was unusually hot last summer in Britain.

    A. True                  B. False                 C. Not Given

 4. British people enjoyed the high temperatures of last summer.

    A. True                 B. False                C. Not Given

 5. The media advised people to enjoy the sunshine.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

 6. Most British people have a garden of their own.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

 7. People having a barbecue often have a plan against the rain.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

 8. Children like the music from the ice cream vans.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

 9. Blackpool and Brighton are known for their beaches.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

10. People go to Spain in summer to enjoy the cooler sea water.

    A. True                 B. False                 C. Not Given

 

二、阅读选择题

Horse Talk

Do you know horses talk? You can learn to understand "horse talk" if you pay close attention to them.

When horses live in the wild, other animals try to eat them, so a lot of horse talk is about staying alive. Even now, when most horses live on farms, they watch for danger. For this reason, never walk behind a horse. If you surprise it, the horse might mistake you for a lion or wolf and give a dangerous kick.

By watching the ears, you can get clues to what the horse is hearing. A horse can turn each ear in a different direction. For a wild horse, this skill is important for survival. The horse can hear something creeping up behind it while also checking out a threatening noise in front. When a horse lets its ears down, it's feeling safe and relaxed. Though these actions may be natural responses and not deliberate communications, they help you know what the horse is thinking.

Sometimes horses can send definite messages. For example, they know they are safer when they're with other horses. If they become isolated, they "whinny (嘶鸣)," calling for company. They're saying, "Where are you? I'm over here!" Domestic horses use the same sounds to stay in touch with other horses.

If a horse snorts (打响鼻儿), it's not communicating anything. It's just clearing dust or grass seed out of its nose. But if it snorts while holding its head high and stating at something, it's saying, "That looks dangerous. Get ready to run!" When two horses meet, they put their noses together and smell each other's breath. It's their way of asking, "Are you a friend?" Horses also "blow," breathing out the air loudly through the nose, when they meet something strange. They are asking, "Is this safe?"

Horses have a language of their own, Now you know a bit of what they might be saying!

11. Horses in the wild "talk" mainly to

     A. stay alive       B. make friends     C. find food        D. keep awake

12. It is dangerous to

    A. touch a horse's ears                B. ride a horse on farms

    C. surprise a horse from behind         D. stare at a horse from front

13. A horse's ears are special because they can

    A. send messages                   B. turn to different directions

    C. sense temperatures                D. clear out the dust

14. When a horse's ears are down, we know that it is

    A. isolated         B. relaxed         C. angry           D. anxious

15. From the text, we know that horses

    A. are dangerous animals             B. can hardly survive in the wild

    C. prefer to stay in groups            D. have different language systems

 

三、概括段落大意和补全句子

Hawaii, the Aloha State

①  Hawaii is sometimes called "the Aloha State." Aloha is a word in the Hawaiian language meaning love and peace. It is often used as a way to say "hello" or "goodbye." Hawaii is like the word aloha, because it is a state that has two viewpoints: it remembers its history and looks toward the future.

②  Hawaii is a U.S. state made up of a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean. It is made up of eight large islands and over 100 other smaller islands. It is the only state that is not in North America. The islands were formed by volcanoes that erupted (爆发) and rose above the ocean. There are still active volcanoes in Hawaii.

③  Because of its location, Hawaii has a tropical climate. It is warm, but usually not hot, all year long. Rarely does the temperature drop below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (华氏温度), although it may occasionally snow at the top of some of the mountains.

  Once called the Sandwich Islands by Europeans, Hawaii is thought to have been settled by ancient sailors from other islands in the Pacific. The British explorer Captain Cook was thought to be the first European to find the islands in 1778. Because of its location, Hawaii became a frequent stop for European traders and ships. Hawaii was an independent country before it became part of the United States in 1893. It was governed by either a king or a queen. It is one of the only four U.S. states to have been a country before statehood. It was admitted into the Union in 1959 as the 50th state.

⑤  Today Hawaii is important as a vacation destination. Each year over 6 million people visit Hawaii to enjoy the beaches, the beautiful ocean, and the historical Hawaiian culture. Come and visit Hawaii. You are sure to love it!

Task 1

A. Mild climate

B. Local customs

C. Tourist attraction

D. Long history

E. Meaning of Aloha

F. Geographic features

16. Paragraph :

17. Paragraph :

18. Paragraph :

19. Paragraph :

20. Paragraph :

 

Task 2

21. Aloha is often used as        

22. Hawaii islands are formed by        

23. Visitors can see snow on        

24. Hawaii used to be ruled by        

25. People visit Hawaii for        

A. European explorers

B. mountain peaks

C. its scenery and culture

D. volcanic eruptions

E. a way of greeting

F. a king or a queen

四、填句补文

George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver was born in Missouri between 1861 and 1864. He was born into slavery. It was not until the end of the Civil War that George became flee. As he grew up, George loved to read and learn. Black children were not allowed to go to the same schools as white children.   26   Every early morning, he left home to go to the school. There he studied very hard.

After he finished high school, George wanted to go to college. At that time, few black students could afford the college tuition (学费). He worked for a time until he could borrow money to go to college. In 1890 he went to Simpson College in Iowa.   27   His drawings of plants were so good that his teacher suggested he study botany, which is the science of plants. George went to an agricultural college in Iowa in 1891, where he not only graduated but also taught students.

George continued to study plants.   28   In 1896, he was invited to teach at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. He worked there as a professor for 47 years. He also became an important research scientist. He discovered new ways to use plants.   29   These include dyes, plastics, paint, and make-up. He also taught farmers how to grow crops to help the soil, and new ways to farm.

In 1943 George Washington Carver died.   30   There is a national monument to him in Missouri where he grew up. He has had a ship named after him. In 1990 he was admitted to the National Inventors Hall of Fame. The boy who wanted to learn became a great inventor and scientist.

A. There he studied art and music.

B. He found about 100 new ways to use peanuts.

C. He has been honored all over the world for his achievements.

D. He became very famous for his work.

E. After graduation, George began working for a law firm.

F. The schools for black children were far from where George lived.

 

五、填词补文

Warmth at Midnight

Canberra winters are extremely cold, and 2014 brought some of our coldest days. One weekday night I walked to the   31   supermarket before it closed at midnight.

As I approached, I noticed a group of six or seven people   32   by the supermarket entrance. Aware of the   33   of late-night walking, I made sure I paid attention. The scene ahead looked unusual.

And unusual it was. Expecting to see a group of  34   troublemakers, I found a weak, well-dressed old man distributing items of food to a group of homeless people. Rather than just feeding them, he was also engaging them in a   35   of warm discussion.

The homeless people were rough-looking and   36   dressed. But they listened to the man   37  , not just with gratitude for the food they had been   38   With no charity vehicle in sight, this old man was only representing himself.

After I finished shopping, the group was still there, food  39  , but all laughing. If a weak old man can give to others in the   40   cold at midnight, what excuse do we have?

A. dangers               E. freezing               I.  poorly

B. local                 F. attentively              J. given

C. happy                G. potential               K. consumed

D. reading               H. sitting                 L. circle

 

六、完形补文

Keeping Friendship Alive

It's so easy to take good friends (friend) for granted. Like a   41   (comfort) pair of gloves, old friends wear well. But friendships that suffer from busyness and   42  (familiar) can't afford to be neglected too long. They need to be   43   (renew). If you want and need to keep tree friendship alive and   44   (health), please consider and think over a list of the most important qualities.   45   (Probable) it will help you to understand why you and your best friend haven't   46   (call) up for ages, why you're getting embarrassed while   47   (be) asked "Whom are you   48   (go) to have fun with this weekend?" You may neglect your intimate friends from time to time, but if you fail to cultivate these   49   (virtue)——loyalty, forgiveness, dedication (奉献), and   50   (honest)——you can't expect to keep tree friends.

 

七、短文写作

请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英文写作任务。

51.

    某英文报社正在举办题为Let's Save Water的征文活动。请就以

下要点写一篇英文短文应征。

   ●为什么要节约用水

   ●我们应如何节约用水

 

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